JENNA, Sarah

Professeure, Co-Directrice de Pharmaqam


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Thèmes de recherche :

  • GTPases Rho et développement embryonnaire

  • Biologie des systèmes et signalisation cellulaire

  • Le nématode comme modèle d’étude des maladies neurologiques et musculaires humaines

Résumé de recherche : 

Rho GTPase regulatory machinery forms a dynamic protein network and plays a critical role in cell signaling integration processes. The research program developed in my lab seeks to identify the composition, the structure and the dynamics of this protein network throughout Caenorhabditis elegans development and life cycle. To do so we use integrative genomics, reverse genetics, molecular and cell biology approaches This program will largely contribute to the acquisition of a Systems-level understanding of cell signaling integration events required for development and survival of multicellular organisms. In addition, this program will provide a better understanding of Rho GTPase implications in pathogenic processes leading to mental retardation. The “Rho regulome” of C. elegans embryogenesis In multicellular organisms, embryonic development is dependent on a continuous flow of information through a complex network of cells. The ability of signaling machinery to transduce and integrate multiple upstream signals is critical in the control of cellular behavior. Rho GTPases are key signaling proteins controlling cell adhesion, cell morphology, gene expression, membrane trafficking and playing a critical role in cell signaling integration. To fulfill their multiple tasks, Rho GTPases function in a coordinated manner. This coordination depends on proteins regulating their activation level called regulators. To date, mechanisms enabling coordination of Rho GTPases during morphogenic events in multicellular organisms is far to be understood. The research program proposed here is designed to significantly improve our understanding of these mechanisms using Caenorhabditis elegans embryonic development as a model system and to extend this knowledge to other multicellular organisms using a systems biology approach. Rho regulation and cognitive disorders: what can we learn from worms Mental Retardation (MR) occurs in 2-3% of the general population and is one of the five highest sources of healthcare cost in the world. However, MR pathologies are still not therapeutically addressed and remain largely considered as 'untreatable' disorders. Finding a cure for these pathologies is therefore on the priority list of health research organizations. Number of non-syndromic forms of mental retardation are associated with mutations in Rho GTPase regulators that are highly conserved between human and C. elegans. We use a combination of integrative genomics, microfluidic engineering, reverse genetics, molecular and cellular biology techniques to characterize the neuronal function of these regulators in C. elegans.

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